Individuals with cancer experience a plethora of symptoms from diagnosis, through treatment and beyond into survivorship. Allied Health Professionals are uniquely placed to impact upon these symptoms by engaging individuals in rehabilitation. Scoping of rehabilitation services amongst individuals with cancer undergoing haematological and oncological treatment highlighted various issues with fatigue, loss of function, pain and breathlessness. A pilot programme was implemented to address these unmet needs.
In an acute teaching trust in the South West of England, individuals with cancer were highlighted by health care professionals and referred into the Therapy Treatment Support Service (TTSS). Included individuals had a cancer diagnosis and were adults aged 16 years and over, exclusion criteria specified those under 16 years of age and those without a cancer diagnosis. Telephone triage carried out by a physiotherapist provided appropriate interventions including fatigue management, musculoskeletal treatment, exercise programmes and breathlessness advice for individuals. The Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy - General (FACT-G) was used as a quality of life outcome measure on initial and final contact.
Between March 2017 and March 2018 220 individuals were referred to TTSS with the following numbers specifying the primary reason for referral, 81 for fatigue, 71 for musculoskeletal issues, 42 for physical activity issues, 20 for mobility issues and 6 for breathlessness.
In total 44 of 53 completed datasets demonstrated positive outcomes in terms of quality of life using the FACT-G. Of 23 completed datasets with fatigue as the primary reason for referral, 21 demonstrated an improvement.
Cost and savings
Currently no data is available on project costs and savings.
Fatigue is the primary reason for referral to TTSS and its interventions have shown a positive impact upon quality of life. A more detailed enquiry is required to investigate this service model.
There is discrepancy in service provision for fatigue management amongst the population of those living with and beyond cancer. A cost-effective intervention that can provide equitable access is required to meet the aims stated in the Recovery Package. A standardised intervention delivered via a telephone clinic could reach a significant population of those living with and beyond cancer improving cancer-related fatigue symptoms.
Top three learning points
Macmillan Cancer Support provided funding for this pilot programme.
This work was presented at Physiotherapy UK 2018.
For further information about this work contact Thomas Cave