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Prevalence and impact of urinary incontinence in men with cystic fibrosis

Abstract

Objectives

To determine the prevalence and impact of urinary incontinence (UI) in men with cystic fibrosis (CF).

Design

Prospective observational study.

Setting

Adult CF clinics at tertiary referral centres.

Participants

Men with CF (n = 80) and age-matched men without lung disease (n = 80).

Interventions

Validated questionnaires to identify the prevalence and impact of UI.

Main outcome measures

Prevalence of UI and relationship to disease specific factors, relationship of UI with anxiety and depression.

Results

The prevalence of UI was higher in men with CF (15%) compared to controls (10%) (p = 0.339). Men with CF and UI had higher scores for anxiety than those without UI (mean 9.1 (SD 4.8) vs 4.7 (4.1), p = 0.003), with similar findings for depression (6.8 (4.6) vs 2.8 (3.4), p = 0.002) using the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale.

Conclusions

Incontinence is more prevalent in adult men with CF than age matched controls, and may have an adverse effect on mental health. The mechanisms involved are still unclear and may differ from those reported in women.

Cite this article

Prevalence and impact of urinary incontinence in men with cystic fibrosis.

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